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Sun. Jul 14th, 2024

Tumors, lung cancer screening works and prolongs life

By Vaseline Jun10,2024

Lung cancer screening prolongs life. Now there’s a real-world demonstration that subjecting people at risk to annual checkups allows us to diagnose this major deadly tumor earlier, with greater hope for a cure. To promote a secondary prevention approach that our country wants to adopt on a national scale (β€œI hope that Italy will become the first EU country to carry out lung cancer screening,” stated Health Minister Orazio Schillaci last March, a guest in Rome at the Adnkronos Question – and response event ‘Health and Healthcare, a shared challenge’) is a study among American veterans and published in ‘Cancer’, the journal of the American Cancer Society.

Lung cancer, the authors recall, is the leading cause of cancer death in the world and is in most cases discovered when the disease is already in an advanced stage. There are recommendations that adults between the ages of 50 and 80, who smoke at least 20 packs per year or who have quit smoking within the past 15 years, should undergo annual imaging tests for the early detection of breast cancer. pomon. Several clinical studies have confirmed the usefulness of this type of screening, but real-world data are limited. Hence the idea to evaluate the actual impact of the program among patients followed by the Veterans Health Administration, the health care system active in the United States aimed at veterans, who had been diagnosed with lung cancer in the period 2011-2018.

Of the 57,919 patients with cancer, 2,167 (3.9%) had undergone screening before diagnosis. Well, in the latter, higher rates of early diagnosis were observed (52% of stage I cases, compared to 27% in the unscreened group), as well as lower mortality rates from any cause (49.8% vs. 72.1 %). and cancer death (41% vs. 70.3%) in 5 years. β€œIt is incredible to see how national efforts to increase screening within the Precision Lung Oncology Program can lead to substantial improvements in disease outcomes,” said Michael Green of the University of Michigan on behalf of the authors. and the Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System.

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