Thu. Jul 18th, 2024

6 common dog breeds with the highest risk of health problems

By Vaseline Jun10,2024

Before making the decision to welcome a dog into your family, it is always important to carefully consider which breed best suits your lifestyle.

Although all dogs can be susceptible to common health problems, such as: ear infections, fleas, parasites And shared issues With age, some breeds are more likely to develop health problems that require extra care and attention than others.

Although purebred dogs are in higher demand due to their characteristics, selective breeding can seriously compromise a dog’s quality of life. According to the RSPCA, purebred dogs are often bred to emphasize desirable physical characteristics in accordance with the Kennel Club’s breed standards.

“As a side effect of keeping different dog breeds separate and focusing on breeding for appearance, there is a lack of genetic diversity within dog breeds. This lack of genetic diversity can increase the risk of hereditary diseases such as cancer and blindness,” the animal explains. welfare charity.

If you are concerned about adopting a puppy, have any questions about reputable breeders or have any concerns about your pet, please contact your local vet or animal welfare charity for advice.

6 dog breeds with the highest risk of health problems


The highly lovable Dachshund may look cute, but the breed is unfortunately prone to painful and debilitating spinal and neurological problems that may require surgery. The Dachshund’s long body and extremely short legs make them more likely to develop intervertebral disc disease (IVDD), which limits their ability to walk.

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According to the BVA, research shows that the risk of IVDD in dachshunds is 10-12 times higher than in other dog breeds, with at least a fifth of all dachshunds showing clinical signs during their lifetime. Symptoms usually begin between the ages of 5 and 7.

Danish dog

These gentle giants are generally loved for their calm and loving nature, befitting their considerable size. However, due to the height, weight and bulk of Great Danes, this breed can be prone to some genetic health problems that you should be aware of.

Hip dysplasia can be common in overweight Great Danes, while recent research shows that hypertrophic osteodystrophy (an inflammatory bone disease) is becoming increasingly common in large breed puppies.

Caution should also be taken when feeding and training Great Danes, which are prone to gastric torsion, a painful and life-threatening condition in which the stomach twists on itself. This breed should ideally be fed several smaller meals rather than one large one – and at least half an hour before any exercise.


Pugs have been selectively bred to have extremely short and flat faces, which can lead to extreme breathing difficulties, heat stroke and fainting. Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS) was the highest risk condition in pugs, with the breed almost 54 times more likely to have the condition.

The RSPCA has also raised awareness of the pug’s large, prominent eyes and nasal folds, which means they are at a much greater risk of eye infections and ulcers around the eyes during their lifetime.

German shepherd

Larger breeds, such as the German Shepherd, are typically bred to be heavy and strong. Without careful breeding, this dog may be more prone to hip dysplasia, lameness and arthritis.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

According to the RSPCA, up to 70% of Cavaliers will inherit painful ‘Syringomyelia’, a painful brain condition caused by the overbreeding of dogs with skulls that are too small for their brains. The condition causes the development of fluid-filled cysts on the spinal cord, which can be incredibly uncomfortable for your pet.

French Bulldog

As with the Pug, selective breeding of French Bulldogs has led to dogs with smaller airways and thinner nostrils being much more common, leading to a higher incidence of respiratory problems.

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